Sabadell is a Spanish City of 207,540 inhabitants (2014) and 37.87 km2, located in Catalonia (Spain). It belongs to Barcelona’s Metropolitan Region, where 68% of the Catalan population lives.
In 2012 Sabadell pioneered the introduction of a Smart City programme in a structured, comprehensive and systematic approach complementing the implementation of new technologies for urban management. These measures included an increased level of 30% of LED installation in public lighting, of 13% of pneumatic waste collection, a 90% reduction of irrigation of parks and gardens and the implementation of remote management systems of air conditioning in 59 municipal buildings.
The City of Sabadell has also developed a powerful policy of agreements with the triple helix: companies, universities and other public administrations. As a result, Sabadell has received three grants from the European Commission to implement projects under INTERREG, 7th Framework Programme 2007-2013 and Horizon 2020. Furthermore, it has established a partnership of 28 organisations that make technical contributions to the city´s Smart City programme. Thanks to the outstanding participation of Telefonica, Sabadell is becoming the first major “100% fiber” Spanish city after Barcelona and Madrid. In 2013 Sabadell became a finalist in the “Smart City World Awards”, along with Berlin, Copenhagen, Buenos Aires, and Tianjin.
The part of Sabadell participating in Triangulum is currently inhabited by approximately 95,000 citizens. This area includes different urban structures, such as an older and consolidated area in the East, an area which experienced a high population growth during the 70s in the North, and another new city development, which has grown to reach former residential surrounded areas.
Sabadell expects to develop a concrete Smart City implementation plan on integrated Smart City solutions for energy, transport and ICT that identifies integrated actions that generate the highest impacts on energy efficiency, emissions reductions, resources optimisation, economic development and citizenship involvement. The current Sabadell Smart City programme has designed six strategic areas of interest and is working on 34 initiatives so far pursuing this alignment and integration:
1. Real time information
2. Decrease in public expenditure in municipal services.
3. Improve efficiency and quality of public services.
4. Sabadell as a model for smart management.
5. Boosting the knowledge economy.
6. Sustainability: The Smart City model implies innovative management measures to reduce demand of fossil fuels and decreasing CO2 emissions.
These objectives set a baseline for the development of an implementation plan based on:
Sustainable energy development through specific actions on energy demand reduction (retrofitting), jointly with renewable energy sources (RES) implementation in public space and public/private buildings, citizen awareness raising on RES promotion, and nearly zero-energy buildings (nZEB) on approximately 25% of the public infrastructures in the selected deployment area.
Smart grid implementation, which will allow the optimisation of the existing network and the promotion of prosumer entities, leveraging the current infrastructures (e.g. using public lighting infrastructure to charge EV) and promotion of new public services dealing with the collaboration of data sharing of important stakeholders such as utilities.
Employment and creation of new innovative companies, promoting knowledge transfer, fostering innovative actions of existing companies including a training plan to achieve these goals.
The following milestones have been identified: 20% reduction of primary energy consumption; 20% reduction of emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG); 20% increase of renewable energy consumption; 66% share of sustainable mobility in daily mobility on a weekday commuting to work; 30% of municipal fleet vehicles with energy efficient technologies and 50% gross rate of separate collection of municipal waste by weight.